Terminology

TERMINOLOGY


English Japanese Pronunciation
Stance Tachikata Tah-chee-kah-tah
Basic
Natural Stance Shizen-tai she-zen-tie
Informal attention stance Heisoku-dachi hey-sew-koo dah-chee
Informal attention stance, toes out Musubi-dachi ma-sue-bee dah-chee
Forward Stance Zenkutsu-dachi zen-koot-sue dah-chee
Back Stance Kokutsu-dachi koe-koot-sue dah-chee
Straddle Stance (Horse Stance) Kiba-dachi key-bah-dah-chee
Advanced
Hourglass stance Sanchin-dachi sahn-chin dah-chee
Half moon stance Hangetsu-dachi han-get-sue dah-chee
Cat leg stance Neko-ashi-dachi nay-ko ah-seh dah-chee
Crossed feet stance Kosa-dachi ko-sa-dah-chee
Rooted stance (Sˇchin) Fudˇ-dachi foo-doe dah-chee
Square stance Shiko-dachi she-ko dah-chee
L stance Renoji-dachi ren-o-gee dah-chee
T stance Teiji-dachi tay-gee dah-chee
One legged stance Ashi-dachi ah-she dah-chee
Kneeling Ashi-orishiku ah-she or-ee-she-koo
Punching Tsuki-waza Tsue-key wa-za
Basic Types of Punching
Straight punch Choku-zuki cho-koo zoo-key
Reverse punch Gyaku-zuki gyah-koo zoo-key
Jab Kizami-zuki key-zah-me zoo-key
Lunge punch Oi-zuki oi-yah zoo-key
Advanced Punches
Roundhouse punch Mawashi-zuki mah-wash-e zoo-key
Vertical punch Tate-zuki tah-teh zoo-key
Close punch Ura-zuki or-ah zoo-key
Hook punch Kagi-zuki kah-gee zoo-key
U punch Awase-zuki ah-wah-say zoo-key
Rising punch Age-zuki ah-gay-zoo-key
 
Advanced Types of Punching
Alternate punching Ren-zuki ren zoo-key
Two-handed punching Morote-zuki more-oh-tay zoo-key
Striking Uchi-waza oo-chee wa-za
Basic
Knife or sword hand strike Shutˇ-uchi shoe-toe oo-chee
Back fist strike Uraken-uchi or-ah-ken oo-chee
Palm heel strikes Teisho-uchi tay-show oo-chee
Hammer fist strike Kentsui-uchi kent-sue-ee oo-chee
Knee strikes Hiza-uchi he-zah oo-chee
Elbow strikes Empi-uchi em-pee oo-chee
Elbow Strikes
Upward elbow strike Tate-empi-uchi tah-tay-em-pee oo-chee
Forward elbow strike Mae-empi-uchi my-ah-em-pee oo-chee
Side roundhouse elbow strike Yoko-mawashi-empi-(uchi) yoh-koh-ma-wa-she-em-pee
Side elbow strike Yoko-empi-uchi yoh-koh-em-pee oo-chee
Back elbow strike Ushiro-empi-uchi oo-she-row-em-pee oo-chee
Downward elbow strike Otoshi-empi-uchi oh-toe-she-em-pee oo-chee
Types of Fists Ken Ken
Fore fist Seiken sigh-ken
Back fist Uraken or-a-ken
Hammer fist Kentsui kent-sue-ee
One knuckle fist Ippon-ken e-pone-ken
Middle finger knuckle fist Nakadaka-ken na-ka-da-ka ken
Fore knuckle fist Hiraken here-ah-ken
Types of Open Hands Kaishˇ kie-sho
Sword hand Shutˇ shoe-toe
Ridge hand Haitˇ hi-toe
Back hand Haishu hi-shoe
Spear hand Nukite new-key-tay
Heel of the palm Teishˇ tay-show
Ox jaw hand Seiry˙tˇ say-ear-you-toe
Eagle hand Washide wah-she-day
Chicken head wrist Keitˇ kie-toe
Kicking Keri-waza kay-rhee wa-za
Front kick Mae-geri my-eh geh-rhee
Front snap kick Mae-geri-keage my-eh geh-rhee kay-ah-gay
Front thrust kick Mae-geri-kekomi my-eh geh-rhee kay-koh-me
Side kick Yoko-geri yoh-koh geh-rhee
Side snap kick Yoko-geri-keage yoh-koh geh-rhee kay-ah-geh
Side thrust kick Yoko-geri-kekomi yoh-koh geh-rhee kay-koh-me
Back kick Ushiro-geri oo-she-row geh-reh
Back snap kick Ushiro-geri-keage oo-she-row geh-rhee kay-ah-geh
Back thrust kick Ushiro-geri-kekomi oo-she-row geh-rhee kay-koh-me
Roundhouse kick Mawashi-geri mah-wah-she geh-rhee
Crescent kick Mikazuki-geri me-kah-zoo-key geh-rhee
Blocking Uke Oo-kay
Basic
Downward block Gedan-barai gay-dahn bah-rah-ee
Upper or risking block Age-uke ah-gay oo-kay
Forearm block Ude-uke oo-day oo-kay
Inside forearm block Uchi-uke oo-chee oo-kay
Sword or knife hand block Sh˙to-uke shoe-toe oo-kay
Augmented forearm block Morote-uke mow-row-tay oo-kay
Vertical sword hand block Tate-shutˇ-uke tah-tay-shoe-toe oo-kay
Advanced    
Hooking sword hand block Kake-shutó-uke kah-keh-shoe-toe oo-kay
Back hand block Haishu-uke hi-shoe oo-kay
Sweeping back arm block Haiwan-nagashi-uke hi-wan-nah-gah-she oo-kay
Sweeping hand block Te-negashi-uke tay-nah-gah-she oo-kay
Pressing hand block Te-osae-uke tay-oh-say oo-kay
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
Form Kata Kah-tah
First Beginner Taikyoku-shodan tie-key-oh-koo show-dahn
First Heian Heian Shodan hey-ahn show-dahn
Second Heian Heian Nidan hey-ahn knee-dahn
Third Heian Heian Sandan hey-ahn sahn-dahn
Fourth Heian Heian Yondan hey-ahn yohn-dahn
Fifth Heian Heian Godan hey-ahn go-dahn
First Iron Horse Tekki Shodan tehk-key show-dahn
Second Iron Horse Tekki Nidan tehk-key knee-dahn
Third Iron Horse Tekki Sandan tehk-key sahn-dahn
Breaking down fortress Bassai Dai bah-sigh-die
Looking to the sky Kank˙ Dai kahn-koo-die
Flying swallow Empi em-pee
Half moon Hangetsu hahn-get-sue
Crane on a rock Gankaku gahn-kah-koo
Actions of ten men Jutte jew-tay
Harmony Jion gee-ohn
Extraordinary hand Chinte chin-tay
Rooted stance Sochin sew-chin
Twenty four step Nij˙shiho knee-jew-she-hoe
Fifty four step Goj˙shiho Dai go-jew-she-ho die
Cloud hands Unsu un-sue
Thirteen Seisan say-sahn
Small bassai Bassai Shˇ bah-sigh-show
Small kanku Kank˙ Shˇ kahn-koo-show
Small fifty four step Goj˙shiho Shˇ go-jew-she-ho show
Sparring Kumite Koo-me-tay
3 attack sparring Sambon Kumite sahm-bone koo-me-teh
1 attack sparring Ippon Kumite ee-pone koo-me-teh
Semi-free sparring Jiyu Ippon Kumite gee-you ee-pone koo-me-teh
Free sparring Jiyu Kumite gee-you koo-me-teh
Numbers
One Ichi ee-chee
Two Ni knee
Three San sahn
Four Shi she
Five Go go

Six

Roku row-koo
Seven Shichi shee-chee
Eight Hachi hah-chee
Nine Ku koo
Ten Ju jew
Others
High level, head area Jodan joe-dahn
Middle level, torso Chudan chew-dahn
Lower level, below belt Gedan geh-dahn
Upward Tate tah-tay
Downward Otoshi oh-toe-she
Outside Soto sew-toe
Ready Yoi yoh-ee
Begin Hajime hah-gee-may
Finish Yame yah-may
Relax, return to ready position Yasume Ya-soo-may
Kneel Seiza say-zah
Meditate Mokuso moe-koo-so
Stand up Tatte tah-teh
Bow to the front Shomen ne rei show-men-knee-ray
Bow to the instructor Sensei-ne-rei sen-say-knee-ray
Instructor Sensei sen-say
Senior Senpai sen-pie
Junior Kohai koh-high
Application of movement (Kata) Bunkai bun-kie
Miscellaneous
Shotokan show-toe-kahn
Karate Practitioner Karate Ka kah-rah-teh kah
Place where Budo is practiced Dojo dough-joe
Martial Arts Budo boo-dough
Bow Rei ray
Thank you very much Arigato Go Zai Mashita ari-gah-toe go zie ma-she-tah
Please teach me Onegaishimasu oh-nay-gay-she-mass
Yes Hai high
Yes, hello Ossu oh-sue
Basic techniques Kihon key-hone
Punching post Makiwara mah-key-wah-rah
Beginner Shyoshinsha show-shin-sha
Color Belt Holder Mudansha moo-dahn-sha
Black Belt holder Yudansha you-dahn-sha
Rank Kyu q
Degree Dan dahn
Spirit shout Kiai key-eye
Focus Kime key-meh
Remaining Spirit Zanshin zahn-shin
     
     
Laying Techniques (Groundfighting) Ne Waza  
Joint Locking Techniques Kansetsu Waza  
Throwing techniques Nage Waza  
Cavity Seizing Techniques Tuite Waza  
Strangulation Techniques Shime Waza  
Reversal techniques Gyaku Waza  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

 

Advanced

L. Hooking wrist block Tekubi-kake-uke tay-koo-be-kah-keh oo-kay

M. Twisting forearm block Maeude-hineri-uke mah-eh-oo-day heh-neh-ray oo-kay

N. Pressing forearm block Maeude-deai-osae-uke Mah-eh-oo-day day-i oh-say oo-kay

O. Bent wrist block Kakutˇ-uke kie-toe oo-kay

P. Chicken head wrist block Keitˇ-uke kie-toe oo-kay

Q. Ox jaw hand block Seiry˙tˇ-uke sear-e-you-toe oo-kay

R. Heel of palm block Teishˇ-uke tay-show oo-kay

S. Downward hooking block Gedan-kake-uke show-sue-koo oo-kay

T. Scooping palm block Shˇ-sukui-uke show sue-koo oo-kay

Two Handed Blocks

A. Side combined block Sokymen-awase-uke sew-koo-men ah-wah-say oo-kay

B. Two handed grasping block Ryˇshˇ-tsukami-uke row-show tsue-kah-me oo-kay

C. Reverse wedge block Kakiwake-uke kah-key-wah-kay oo-kay

D. combined heel of palm block Teishˇ-awase-uke tay-show ah-wah-say oo-kay

Blocks with the Leg

A. Circular Sole Block Sokutei-mawashi-uke sew-koo-tay mah-wah-she oo-kay

B. Pressing sole block Sokutei-osae-uke sew-koo-tay oh-say oo-kay

C. Pressing sword foot block Sokutˇ-osae-uke sew-koo-toe oh-say oo-kay

D. Hooking foot block Sokubˇ-kake-uke sew-koo-bo kah-keh oo-kay

E. Hooking ankle block Ashikubi-kake-uke ah-she-koo-be kah-keh oo-kay

F. Leg sweep Ashi-barai ah-she bah-rye

Low abdomen Seika-Tanden say-kah tahn-den

Left Hidari he-dare-eeRight Migi me-gi

Horizontal Yoko yoh-koh Vertical Tate tah-tay

Inside Uchi oo-chee

 

 

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